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  1. Defecation practices of young children in a Peruvian shanty town.

    Article - En anglais

    Little is known about feces disposal practices, their determinants and feasibility for change, despite their importance in the control of diarrheal diseases.

    We report here the results of formative research for the development of an intervention to promote sanitary disposal of feces of young children.

    The study was conducted in a densely populated shanty town area of Lima, where water and sanitation systems are scarce.

    In-depth interviews were undertaken with mothers, husbands and community leaders.

    Group discussions were held with mothers in order to validate findings from the interviews, investigate particular topics further and explore reactions to possible intervention strategies.

    The principal defecation sites for young children were diapers, potties, the ground in or near the home, the hill, latrines and flush toilets.

    The main determinants found were the age of the child, the effort required by the method, perceptions of dirtiness and the availability of resources.

    Almost all children under one year of age use diapers but the high resource cost of diaper washing is a strong motivation for mothers to move their children on as early as possible.

    Potties were considered the most socially acceptable and hygienic'defecation method for children between one and three years of age.

    Nevertheless, defecation directly onto the ground is common at this age. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Diarrhée, Défécation, Zone urbaine, Prévention, Hygiène, Enfant, Homme, Pérou, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diarrhea, Defecation, Urban area, Prevention, Hygiene, Child, Human, Peru, South America, America, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0341229

    Code Inist : 002B30A02B. Création : 14/12/1999.