The purpose, of this integrative review was to describe the state of the science regarding adolescent risk behaviors, with particular emphasis on comparisons among rural, urban, and suburban populations.
The review was done at two levels, moving from the major national survey studies which included data collected in the late 1980s up to 1993, to more focused topical areas including studies with data collection and publication between 1990 and 1996 within each identified category of adolescent health issues.
A total of 137 published works across several disciplines were reviewed.
Suggestions for clinical practice were drawn from the significant research findings.
In addition, risk behaviors were compared to national baseline data and objectives.
The level of research in this topic area was primarily descriptive.
Currently, only a small portion of the national objectives for decreasing adolescent risk behaviors have been met.
Successful intervention programs, although few in number, usually included not only topical education but also adolescent interaction with peers and support systems to raise awareness and change behaviors.
The risk behaviors for the adolescent population as a whole have been well described.
Education alone is not sufficient to change behaviors.
Objective outcomes must be identified and health care providers need to use research findings in their practice with adolescents. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement, Santé, Prise risque, Adolescent, Homme, Etude comparative, Environnement social, Milieu urbain, Milieu suburbain, Milieu rural, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Behavior, Health, Risk taking, Adolescent, Human, Comparative study, Social environment, Urban environment, Suburban environment, Rural environment, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0340410
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 14/12/1999.