Self-reported abuse history and Adolescent problem behaviors. II. Alcohol and drug use.
We examined the associations of self-reported abuse and sexual molestation with self-reported alcohol and drug use in a general population of adolescents.
We used a stratified cluster sampling procedure with replacement to sample 4790 students in Washington State public schools in Grades 8,10, and 12.
Students were asked whether they had ever been abused by an adult and whether they had ever been sexually molested.
They were also asked about their levels of alcohol and drug use and about early initiation of substance use.
We conducted polytomous logistic regressions, controlling for gender and grade, using Software for the Statistical Analysis of Correlated Data (SUDAAN).
We identified associations between reported abuse history and alcohol and drug use in adolescence and early initiation of substance use.
The associations between reported abuse history and alcohol use were stronger at younger ages.
The strongest association was between combined abuse and molestation, and relatively severe (heavy) drinking by eighth graders (odds ratio, 7.9 ; 95% confidence interval, 2.6-17.4).
For drug use, the associations with reported abuse history were slightly stronger at higher levels of severity and for combined abuse and molestation compared to nonsexual abuse. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Abus sexuel, Enfant maltraité, Antécédent, Expérience infantile, Etude longitudinale, Adolescent, Homme, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Drogue illicite, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Washington, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Victimologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual abuse, Child abuse, Antecedent, Infantile experience, Follow up study, Adolescent, Human, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Illicit drug, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Washington, United States, North America, America, Victimology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0340159
Code Inist : 002B18F01. Création : 14/12/1999.