Objectives This study assessed prevalence and correlates of anergy among a cohort of drug users in communities in the San Juan metropolitan area.
Methods In all, 719 drug injectors and crack users were recruited in neighbourhoods in the San Juan metropolitan area following a stratified cluster design of 30 copping areas (places where drugs are sold).
Results Slightly more than one-third of the total proportion of participants, 34.2%, were HIV positive and 30.3% anergic.
Subjects with a history of incarceration, the HIV positive, and those reporting chronic illness were more likely to be anergic than those subjects without these characteristics.
Conclusions Most studies addressing drug users'immune system dysfunction are related to HIV infection.
Additional studies are needed to provide a more comprehensive understanding of drug users'immune systems.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Anergie, Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Homme, Porto Rico, Antilles, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Anergy, Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk factor, Human, Puerto Rico, West Indies, Central America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0339917
Code Inist : 002B02O. Création : 14/12/1999.