We investigated prospectively the incidence of autistic disorder (AD) in the neonatal intensive care unit and the risk factors associated with autistic development.
The study population included the 5,271 children at St.
Mary's Hospital and the diagnosis of AD was performed using DSM-III-R criteria.
A total of 36 prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal factors were evaluated in the patients with AD, 57 cerebral palsy (CP), and 214 controls.
AD was identified in 18 of the 5,271 children and the incidence was 34 per 10,000 (0.34%). This value was more than twice the highest prevalence value previously reported in Japan.
Children with AD had a significantly higher history of the meconium aspiration syndrome (p=0010) than the controls.
Autistic patients had different risk factors than CP.
Mots-clés Pascal : Autisme, Incidence, Facteur risque, Néonatologie, Unité soin intensif, Survivant, Epidémiologie, Japon, Asie, Nourrisson, Homme, Trouble développement, Milieu hospitalier
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Autism, Incidence, Risk factor, Neonatology, Intensive care unit, Survivor, Epidemiology, Japan, Asia, Infant, Human, Developmental disorder, Hospital environment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0339797
Code Inist : 002B18D04B. Création : 14/12/1999.