Longitudinal assessment of exposure and health effects in kindergarten children from Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Air pollution. Conference. Genoa, ITA, 1998/09/28.
The health status of 2 complete kindergarten groups of 3-year old children from two small towns, Hettstedt (n=25) and Wippra (n=26) was assessed every six months for 3 years.
The kindergartens are located at varying distances from disused copper and lead smelters.
Different parameters were analysed in order to characterise various air pollution influences.
A parent-completed questionnaire gave information on the child's and family s medical history, residence, living conditions and neighbourhood.
During the 3 pre-school years, attention was primarily focused on the children s individual development. 700 pre-school children from Leipzig and the surroundings served as a reference group for some of the parameters.
Results Mean delta-ALA values were higher for the children from Hettstedt compared to Wippra.
The effect data were correlated with the lead contamination of airborne dust collected from the former smelter s grounds and from the kindergarten's playgrounds, as well as with the lead burden in the teeth.
All data were higher in Hettstedt.
Moreover, the liver detoxification capacity was slightly better in Wippra.
The results suggest that more than one parameter needs to be monitored several times to observe exposure-related health effects in comparison studies of small groups from different localities.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution air, Toxicité, Enfant, Homme, Allemagne, Europe, Ecole maternelle, Milieu urbain, Santé, Epidémiologie, Proximité, Industrie métallurgique, Fonderie, Variation géographique, Etude longitudinale, Etude multicentrique, Poussière, Plomb
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Air pollution, Toxicity, Child, Human, Germany, Europe, Nursery school, Urban environment, Health, Epidemiology, Proximity, Metallurgical industry, Foundry, Geographical variation, Follow up study, Multicenter study, Dust, Lead
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0339363
Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 14/12/1999.