A cross-sectional descriptive study using a questionnaire with mostly closed-ended questions was carried out on 990 pupils and 46 trainee teachers to investigate their knowledge of and attitudes to HIV/AIDS.
Pupils in one school were reassessed after a health talk and distribution of a handout.
Despite having had no formal sex education, most respondents were reasonably well informed about the transmission of HIV.
However, there were many misconceptions about transmission and prevention and 16.9% of pupils were found to possess very little knowledge of HIV/AIDS.
Mass media, teachers and health workers were quoted as the main sources of knowledge.
It was found that 24.3% pupils and 6.3% of trainee teachers thought there was a cure, and 27.4% of pupils and 14% of trainee teachers thought there was a vaccine to prevent HIV infection.
Schools that were rural, private and English-speaking scored better, as did male students and schools teaching science.
The necessity of formal sex education was expressed by 98.5% of pupils and all the trainee teachers.
The pupils who were reassessed after receiving a talk and handout showed significant improvement in their knowledge and a change in attitude (p<0.01).
The mass media are important in disseminating knowledge on HIV/AIDS in India but due to the lack of inter-personal approaches to the education system, knowledge is inadequate and misconceptions exist.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Asymptomatique, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Evaluation, Connaissance, Attitude, Inde, Asie, Enfant, Homme, Enseignant, Questionnaire, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Asymptomatic, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Evaluation, Knowledge, Attitude, India, Asia, Child, Human, Teacher, Questionnaire, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0338735
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 14/12/1999.