Although there is debate about the appropriate place of guidelines in clinical practice, guidelines can be seen as one way of assisting clinicians in decision-making.
Given the likely diversity of opinion that any group of people may display when considering a topic, methods are needed for organising subjective judgements.
Three principal methods (Delphi, nominal group technique, consensus development conference) exist which share the common objective of synthesising judgements when a state of uncertainty exists.
To identify the factors that shape and influence the clinical guidelines that emerge from consensus development methods and to make recommendations about best practice in the use of such methods.
Five electronic databases were searched :
Social Science Citation Index (1990-1996),
ABI Inform and Sociofile.
From the searches and reference lists of articles a total of 177 empirical and review articles were selected for review. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Conférence consensus, Médecine, Recherche scientifique, Médecin, Pratique professionnelle, Guide, Bibliographie, Aide décision, Connaissance, Synthèse
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consensus conference, Medicine, Scientific research, Physician, Professional practice, Guide, Bibliography, Decision aid, Knowledge, Synthesis
Notice produite par :
ORS Auvergne - Observatoire Régional de la Santé d'Auvergne
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 14/12/1999.