The attempt to transfer classic industrial CQI (continuous quality improvement) theory into the clinical arena has proved to be more difficult than originally promised.
A new « computerized firm system » approach to incorporating CQI efforts into mainstream practice settings, which has been able to obviate many of these shortcomings, is described.
To make it easier for CQI efforts to be successful, the scope of activities undertaken in completing the Shewhart cycle popularly referred to as PDSA (plan change, do change, study results, act on results) was delimited.
Rather than plan the intervention themselves, staff worked with experts on tailoring a preselected change idea with already established efficacy-a computerized reminder system.
Because the clinic was divided into two small group practices known as firms, a controlled time-series trial (CTST) design was used by initially turning the reminders on for one firm but not the other.
The clinic was thereby also relieved of the responsibility of conducting a study to determine whether the intended improvement in quality had been achieved.
In essence, one clinic was asked to do just DA (that is, do-act).
This approach engendered the successful completion of a streamlined Shewhart cycle in a busy clinic setting at remarkably low cost. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Qualité, Amélioration, Informatisation, Hypertension artérielle, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Quality, Improvement, Computerization, Hypertension, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
ORS Auvergne - Observatoire Régional de la Santé d'Auvergne
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 14/12/1999.