The U.S. Public Health Service's Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine recommends that cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) intented to help allocate health resources in the public interest include a reference case analysis, conducted from the perspective of society as a whole.
This perspective requires that an analysis measure all health effects and changes in resource use caused by an intervention.
Value of societal CEAs : Tensions unavoidably arise among the parties to medical decisions-patients, their families and friends, clinicians, and third-party payers.
One common approach to handling these tensions is to ignore some of them, to « solve » them by pretending they do not or should not exist.
Patients do this when they demand the best care for themselves without regard to the cost to others, payers when they make coverage decisions that shift costs to others.
But by estimating all gains and losses, calculations that reflect the safety, effectiveness, and side effects of an intervention as well as its costs, societal CEAs can help resolve those tensions and provide the basis for decisions that are fair to all parties, an agenda for negotiating such decisions, and information essential for designing compensation and incentives to support them.
Making better use of societal CEAs : Use of the societal perspective asks that all parties be aware of and consider the interests of others. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Analyse coût efficacité, Etats Unis, Sociologie, Protection sociale, Santé, Financement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cost efficiency analysis, United States, Sociology, Welfare aids, Health, Financing
Notice produite par :
ORS Auvergne - Observatoire Régional de la Santé d'Auvergne
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 14/12/1999.