To examine psychosomatic aspects of vulvodynia (VD) in comparison with the chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS).
Sixty-seven VD patients and 97 CPPS patients were examined with psychological tests (Freiburg Personality Inventory, Giebêtaen Test) and compared with a control group of 34 healthy women.
Sociodemographic data and psychoanalytic diagnoses were collected for 36 VD patients and 106 CPPS patients (in patients).
Descriptive statistics, X2 test and multivariant analyses were used.
CPPS patients had significantly higher somatization than VD patients (P<. 004).
Both CPPS and VD patients, as inpatients, were significantly more depressive than the control group.
In milder forms of VD, the patients (outpatients) exhibited no depression.
The incidences of sexual abuse and severe psychological disturbances were significantly higher in the CPPS group (P<. 01).
VD and CPPS are two, distinct psychosomatic gynecologic syndromes and indicate psychosomatically oriented therapy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Algie pelvienne, Chronique, Etude comparative, Vulve pathologie, Psychosomatique, Symptomatologie, Facteur sociodémographique, Effet psychologique, Traitement, Evaluation, Homme, Abdomen pathologie, Cavité pelvienne, Organisation santé, Vulvodynie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pelvic pain, Chronic, Comparative study, Vulvar diseases, Psychosomatics, Symptomatology, Sociodemographic factor, Psychological effect, Treatment, Evaluation, Human, Abdominal disease, Pelvic cavity, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0336566
Code Inist : 002B20C01. Création : 16/11/1999.