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  1. Exposure from domestic appliances.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    International Workshop on Exposure Metrics and Dosimetry for EMF Epidemiology. Chilton, GBR, 1998/09/07.

    The dosemeter studies on exposures to ELF electromagnetic irradiation from domestic equipment all suggest the whole-body doses are low, whilst some exposure to extremities could be high but of brief duration.

    Old style electric overblankets, however, are an exception and produce high fields and relatively high whole-body doses if switched on during the night.

    Relatively few epidemiological studies have addressed these issues.

    All of the studies have associated problems of interpretation.

    Two isolated studies throw up an association with the frequency of spontaneous abortion and electric blanket use whilst another links adult AML and electric shaver usage.

    Both results could be fortuitous

    More consistency appears from three studies of childhood leukaemia.

    Here statistically significant associations between electric blanket use in pregnancies appear in two separate studies, as does hair dryer use in the case of children : other appliances use associations have been reported.

    These results are critically assessed

    The United Kingdom Childhood Cancer Study (UKCCS) addresses some of these issues as part of a wider ranging assessment of EMF at home and at school.

    External sources are incorporated with the measurement of domestic ambient conditions in an attempt to make an overall assessment of total exposure.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Dosimétrie, Basse fréquence, Champ électromagnétique, Article ménager, Corps entier, Radioprotection, Analyse risque, Enfant, Homme, Leucémie, Effet biologique, Hémopathie maligne

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dosimetry, Low frequency, Electromagnetic field, Domestic equipment, Whole body, Radioprotection, Risk analysis, Child, Human, Leukemia, Biological effect, Malignant hemopathy

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0336160

    Code Inist : 002A08F05. Création : 16/11/1999.