In order to determine the prevalence of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) in rural South Indian children, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 914 children (484 boys and 430 girls) from four primary schools and 12 nurseries (balwadis ; preschool), of adjacent villages of North Arcot District of Tamil Nadu state.
The preschool children were aged 2-5 years, while the ages of the primary school children ranged from 6 to 10 years.
The overall prevalence rate of CSOM was found to be 6%. The disease was equally prevalent in preschool children (5.7%) and primary school children (6.2%) (P=0.94).
Cholesteatomatous ear disease was observed in 1.2% of children, those of the older age group having a slightly higher prevalence rate (1.5%) than the younger age group (0.7%). Parental beliefs and existing practices with respect to the disease are also presented.
Mots-clés Pascal : Otite moyenne, Suppuration, Chronique, Age préscolaire, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Cholestéatome, Ecole primaire, Croyance, Milieu rural, Enquête socioéconomique, Enfant, Homme, Inde, Asie, Sud, ORL pathologie, Oreille moyenne pathologie, Prévention, Tumeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Otitis media, Suppuration, Chronic, Preschool age, Prevalence, Risk factor, Cholesteatoma, Primary school, Belief, Rural environment, Socioeconomic inquiry, Child, Human, India, Asia, South, ENT disease, Middle ear disease, Prevention, Tumor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0335517
Code Inist : 002B10D02. Création : 16/11/1999.