The authors analyzed interview responses of patients at a prenatal care clinic to explore whether women who had been victims of sexual and physical abuse were more likely than non-victimized women to have experienced a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
A consecutive sample of 774 prenatal patients of a large health department in North Carolina were interviewed concerning a variety of health issues, including violence and STDs Logistic regression analysis was used to model the women's STD status as a function of their experiences of sexual and physical abuse, controlling for several potentially confounding factors.
Thirty percent of the women reported having experienced at least one STD, with the most common infections being chlamydia and gonorrhea.
Twenty-eight percent of the women reported having been victims of abuse ; 16% reported physica abuse only, while 12% reported both physica and sexual abuse The majority of violence was domestic in nature, perpetrated by the victims'husbands, boyfriends. male friends, and relatives.
After controlling for confounding varables, the authors found thai women who reported both physical and sexual abuse were significantly more likely to have experienced STDs than non-victims (odds ratio [OR]=2.25 ; 95% confidence interval [Cl] 1.37,3.69).
The ogistic regression analysis also showed a relationship of borderline stat stical significance between non-sexual physical abuse and STDs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Abus sexuel, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Gestation, Soin, Prénatal, Enquête, Homme, Etude comparative, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual abuse, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Sexually transmitted disease, Pregnancy, Care, Prenatal, Survey, Human, Comparative study, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0334380
Code Inist : 002B05C02E. Création : 16/11/1999.