This study was designed to test the hypothesis that patients with a tendency to somatize psychological distress into physical symptoms could be differentiated from patients who do not somatize on the basis of specific predisposing factors defined by the High Risk Model of Threat Perception.
Patients in a family practice were assessed for the tendency to somatize by the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) and by physician rating.
Twenty-seven percent of the patients were positive for tendency to somatize by physician rating.
These patients had relatively high negative affect, absorption, catastrophizing, self-reported pain and stress, and greater utilization of services.
None of the patients assessed by the DIS met criteria for somatization disorder, but 28% were positive for somatoform pain disorder.
These patients also scored higher on the negative affect questionnaire, tended to have higher absorption scores, reported greater pain and stress, and utilized more services.
Results of this study are partially supportive of the High Risk Model of Threat Perception, because two of the predisposer factors were associated both with tendency to somatize by physician rating and with somatoform pain disorder by interview.
The higher utilization of services in the somatizing patients has cost and service ramifications.
Treatment of patients with tendencies to somatize within a family practice setting are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Angoisse anxiété, Stress, Somatisation, Modèle prévision, Facteur prédictif, Prédisposition, Soin santé primaire, Consultation privée, Médecin généraliste, Analyse coût, Traitement, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anxiety, Stress, Somatization, Forecast model, Predictive factor, Predisposition, Primary health care, Private consultation, General practitioner, Cost analysis, Treatment, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0331580
Code Inist : 002B18C10. Création : 16/11/1999.