This paper presents a mathematical model to show the conditions in which age standardization can be used to summarize age-specific rates for comparison purposes over calendar time.
It shows that the conditions for valid comparison depend on the type of measure used for comparison, that is, difference, ratio, or percent change.
If the measure for comparison is a difference of the standardized rates at two time points, then the age-specific rates need to maintain a constant rate difference over time for the comparison to be valid.
If the measure for comparison is a ratio or percent change of the standardized rates at two time points, then the age-specific rates need to maintain a constant rate ratio over time for the comparison to be valid.
Since in reality, as shown by our Canadian empirical data, age-specific rates do not always maintain a consistent pattern over time, it is recommended that one should always stratify the data to look at patterns of age-specific rates before applying age standardization.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Modèle statistique, Analyse statistique, Méthode statistique, Interprétation, Stratification population, Méthodologie, Modèle mathématique, Homme, Taux standardisé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Statistical model, Statistical analysis, Statistical method, Interpretation, Population stratification, Methodology, Mathematical model, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0329617
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 16/11/1999.