Facing the air pollution agenda for the 21st century. US-Dutch symposium. .
This paper estimates the dose-response relationship between air pollution and the number of work loss days for The Netherlands.
The study is based on illness data (work loss days) for the Dutch labor population and average year concentrations of air pollution in 29 districts.
The dose-response relationship has been estimated by means of two different techniques : the ordinary least squares method (OLS) and the one-way fixed-effects method (OWFEM), which we consider to be more adequate.
In general health effects are much smaller when OWFEM is applied than if OLS is used.
With OWFEM a significant relationship is found between sulphate aerosol (SO4), am. nonia (NH3) and the number of work loss days (WLD's).
Particulates (TSP), O3 and SO2 have no significant effect on the number of WLD's. These results differ from those obtained in studies in the United States, which indicate that particulates (TSP) and other small particles, ozone (O3) and to a lesser extent SO4 and SO2 significantly influence the number of WLD's.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution air, Toxicité, Homme, Relation dose réponse, Pays Bas, Europe, Epidémiologie, Absentéisme, Travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Air pollution, Toxicity, Human, Dose activity relation, Netherlands, Europe, Epidemiology, Absenteeism, Work
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0325245
Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 16/11/1999.