The Icelandic and Nordic cervical screening programs : Trends in incidence and mortality rates through 1995.
The objective of cervical cancer screening is to lower the incidence and mortality rates of the disease.
This study evaluates the effectiveness of cervical screening and the UICC and EC screening recommendations based on the Nordic screening experience.
The study analyzes the features of the Icelandic and the Nordic screening programs and the observed trends in the incidence and mortality rates in these countries through 1995.
Organized screening started in all the Nordic countries soon after 1960 and had nation-wide coverage in all these countries, except in Denmark (45% coverage in 1991), by around 1973 but in Norway screening was only spontaneous up to late in 1994.
Up to 1985 the target age group and screening interval were most intensive in Iceland, followed by Finland, Sweden and Denmark.
All countries except Finland lowered the lower age limit and intensified the screening intervals after 1985.
Through the period 1986-1995 the reduction in both the mortality and the incidence rates was greatest in Iceland (mortality : 76% and incidence : 67%) and Finland (73% and 75%, respectively), intermediate in Sweden (60% and 55%, respectively) and Denmark (55% and 54%, respectively), and lowest in Norway (43% and 34%, respectively). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinome, Col utérus, Dépistage, Etude comparative, Evolution, Facteur risque, Incidence, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Méthodologie, Islande, Iles Atlantiques, Adulte, Homme, Personne âgée, Femelle, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Col utérus pathologie, Tumeur maligne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinoma, Uterine cervix, Medical screening, Comparative study, Evolution, Risk factor, Incidence, Mortality, Epidemiology, Methodology, Iceland, Atlantic Ocean Islands, Adult, Human, Elderly, Female, Female genital diseases, Uterine cervix diseases, Malignant tumor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0320718
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 16/11/1999.