Cigar and pipe smoking and lung cancer risk : a multi-center study from Europe.
Because limited information is available on the quantitative association between consumption of tobacco products other than cigarettes and lung cancer risk, we undertook a case-control study of this relationship.
We investigated lung cancer risk among smokers of cigars and/or cigarillos only and of pipes only and compared these risks with the risk of smokers of cigarettes only in a case-control study conducted in seven European areas.
Our study population consisted of 5621 male case patients with lung cancer and 7255 male control subjects.
Each subject or his proxy was interviewed with respect to the subject's smoking history and other risk factors for lung cancer.
The odds ratio (OR) for smoking cigars and cigarillos only was 9.0 (95% confidence interval [CI]=5.8-14.1), based on 43 exposed case patients and 77 exposed control subjects, and the OR for smoking a pipe only was 7.9 (95% CI=5.3-11.8), representing 61 case patients and 129 control subjects.
The OR for smoking cigarettes only was 14.9 (95% CI=12.3-18.1), based on 4204 case patients and 3930 control subjects.
A dose-response relationship was present for duration of use and cumulative consumption both for cigars and cigarillos and for pipe tobacco.
An effect was also suggested for inhalation of cigar and cigarillo smoke. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Europe, Epidémiologie, Cigare, Tabagisme, Etude comparative, Facteur risque, Tumeur maligne, Bronchopulmonaire, Etude multicentrique, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Bronche pathologie, Pipe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Europe, Epidemiology, Cigar, Tobacco smoking, Comparative study, Risk factor, Malignant tumor, Bronchopulmonary, Multicenter study, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Bronchus disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0317053
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 16/11/1999.