Background-The design of childhood injury prevention programmes is hindered by a dearth of valid and reliable information on injury frequency, cause, and outcome.
A number of local injury surveillance systems have been developed to address this issue.
One example is CHIRPP (Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program), which has been imported into the accident and emergency department at the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow.
This paper examines a year of CHIRPP data.
Methods-A CHIRPP questionnaire was completed for 7940 children presenting in 1996 to the accident and emergency department with an injury or poisoning.
The first part of the questionnaire was completed by the parent or accompanying adult, the second part by the clinician.
These data were computerised and analysed using SPSSPC for Windows.
Injuries commonly occurred in the child's own home, particularly in children aged 0-4 years.
These children commonly presented with bruising, ingestions, and foreign bodies.
With increasing age, higher proportions of children presented with injuries occurring outside the home.
These were most commonly fractures, sprains, strains, and inflammation/oedema.
Seasonal variations were evident, with presentations peaking in the summer. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Classification, Prévention, Surveillance sanitaire, Programme sanitaire, Service urgence, Questionnaire, Localisation, Variation saisonnière, Royaume Uni, Europe, Evaluation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Incidence, Classification, Prevention, Sanitary surveillance, Sanitary program, Emergency department, Questionnaire, Localization, Seasonal variation, United Kingdom, Europe, Evaluation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0313169
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 16/11/1999.