The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections and the related risk factors among urologic surgery patients and urologists.
This cross-sectional, prospective study included 300 consecutive urologic surgery patients and 24 urologists working in our department.
The patients and urologists with positive serology for any of the hepatitis viruses were questioned for risk factors including previous transfusions, surgery, endoscopy, intravenous drug abuse and homosexuality Positive serology for HBV and/or HCV was found in 47.4% of the patients, and the rate of the patients with antigenemia, the major risk group for the urology team, was 9.9%. Of the 24 urologists working in our department, 3 were antibody to HCV (anti-HCV) positive and 2 were hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive.
The presence of a risk factor among patients with HBsAg was found in 78.9% and in 100% of those with anti-HCV.
The prevalence of hepatitis in urologic surgery patients and urologists is poorly described.
This study indicates a high prevalence of HBV and HCV seropositivity in urology patients.
In urology wards, the risk of hepatitis transmission is estimated to be appreciably high because of the renal transplantation procedure and frequent use of blood and blood-contaminated solutions for transurethral resect ions or catheter irrigations. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pratique professionnelle, Spécialité médicale, Urologie, Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Virus hépatite B, Orthohepadnavirus, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Virus hépatite C, Hepacivirus, Flaviviridae, Hépatite virale C, Prévalence, Pathogénie, Epidémiologie, Homme, Médecine travail, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Professional practice, Medical specialty, Urology, Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Hepatitis B virus, Orthohepadnavirus, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Hepatitis C virus, Hepacivirus, Flaviviridae, Viral hepatitis C, Prevalence, Pathogenesis, Epidemiology, Human, Occupational medicine, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0312868
Code Inist : 002B30B01B. Création : 16/11/1999.