This study provided a comprehensive assessment of the association between social support and health using longitudinal data from the Veterans Health Study.
Unlike previous studies which examined the relationship between one single domain of social support with either mental or physical health, the present study assessed the effects of three different domains of social support on multiple measures of health.
The findings of the study indicated that social support tended to mediate the deleterious effects of non-military traumatic events ; whereas the adverse consequences of traumatic events experienced in the military were not affected by social support, suggesting that stressors associated with combat had a long lasting effect on the health status of veterans.
The study results revealed that compared with those with better health, respondents with poor health were more likely to have lower levels of social support, suggesting that poor health might be a barrier to a person's ability to participate and/or maintain social relationships.
The study also showed that different types of social support had varying beneficial effects on different measures of health.
While perceived support had a strong effect on all the measures of health (except alcoholism) included in the study, living arrangement had a significant effect on post-traumatic stress disorder or physical health and participation in group activities had a strong effect only on physical functioning. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Support social, Statut socioéconomique, Autoévaluation, Santé, Stress, Guerre, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Ancien combattant, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social support, Socioeconomic status, Self evaluation, Health, Stress, War, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Veteran, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0312466
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.