Is there evidence to show that fetal alcohol syndrome can be prevented ?
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is currently the major cause of mental retardation in the Westem world.
Since FAS is not a natural phenomenon and is created by mixing alcohol and pregnancy, the solution to decreasing the incidence of all alcohol-related birth defects is therefore entirely preventable.
To date, little is known about the effectiveness of prevention programs in reducing the incidence of FAS.
Therefore, it is the intention of this article to review the effectiveness of prevention programs in lowering the incidence of FAS.
The present review revealed that prevention programs, to date, have been successful in raising awareness of FAS levels across the groups examined.
However, this awareness has not been translated into behavioral changes in « high risk » drinkers as consumption levels in this group have decreased only marginally, indicating prevention programs have had minimal or no impact in lowering the incidence of FAS.
Urgent steps must now be taken to fully test prevention programs, and find new strategies involving both sexes, to reduce and ultimately eliminate the incidence of FAS.
Mots-clés Pascal : Syndrome alcoolique foetal, Critère, Diagnostic, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Santé mentale, Australie, Océanie, Homme, Ethanol, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fetal alcohol syndrome, Criterion, Diagnosis, Sanitary program, Prevention, Mental health, Australia, Oceania, Human, Ethanol, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0308938
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 16/11/1999.