Sharps injuries are a major cause of transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses and human immunodeficiency virus in health-care workers.
To determine the yearly incidence and causes of sharps injuries in health-care workers in Taiwan, we conducted a questionnaire survey in a total of 8645 health care workers, including physicians, nurses, laboratory technicians, and cleaners, from teaching hospitals of various sizes.
The reported incidence of needlestick and other sharps injuries was 1.30 and 1.21 per person in the past 12 months, respectively.
Of most recent episodes of needlestick/sharps injury, 52.0% were caused by ordinary syringe needles, usually in the patient units.
The most frequently reported circumstances of needlestick were recapping of needles, and those of sharps injuries were opening of ampoules/vials.
Of needles which stuck the health-care workers, 54.8% had been used in patients, 8.2% of whom were known to have hepatitis B or C, syphilis, or human immunodeficiency virus infection.
Sharps injuries in health-care workers in Taiwan occur more frequently than generally thought and risks of contracting blood-borne infectious diseases as a result are very high.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virus hépatite B, Orthohepadnavirus, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Virus hépatite C, Hepacivirus, Flaviviridae, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Homme, Equipe soignante, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Blessure, Transmission, Questionnaire, Facteur risque, Contamination biologique, Taiwan, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hepatitis B virus, Orthohepadnavirus, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Hepatitis C virus, Hepacivirus, Flaviviridae, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Human, Health care staff, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Injury, Transmission, Questionnaire, Risk factor, Biological contamination, Taiwan, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0308697
Code Inist : 002A05C06. Création : 16/11/1999.