Evaluation research in occupational health services : general principles and a systematic review of empirical studies.
Objectives-To study the nature and extent of evaluation research in occupational health services (OHSs) Methods-Literature review of evaluation research in OHSs.
On the basis of a conceptual model of OHS evaluation, empirical studies are categorised into aspects of input, process, output, outcome, and OHS core activities.
Many methods to evaluate OHSs or OHS activities exist, depending on the objective and object of evaluation.
The amount of empirical studies on evaluation of OHSs or OHS activities that met the non-restrictive inclusion criteria, was remarkably limited.
Most of the 52 studies were more descriptive than evaluative.
The methodological quality of most studies was not high.
A differentiated picture of the evidence of effectiveness of OHSs arises.
Occupational health consultations and occupational rehabilitation are hardly studied despite much time spent on the consultation by occupational physicians in most countries.
The lack of effectiveness and efficiency of the pre-employment examination should lead to its abandonment as a means of selection of personnel by OHSs.
Periodic health monitoring or surveillance, and education on occupational health hazards can be carried out with reasonable process quality.
Identification and evaluation of occupational health hazards by a workplace survey can be done with a high output quality, which, however, does not guarantee a favourable outcome. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine travail, Service santé, Evaluation performance, Méthodologie, Revue bibliographique, Pays Bas, Europe, Qualité, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Pratique professionnelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational medicine, Health service, Performance evaluation, Methodology, Bibliographic review, Netherlands, Europe, Quality, Health staff, Human, Professional practice
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0300599
Code Inist : 002B30B03. Création : 16/11/1999.