Nurses'judgments regarding seclusion and restraint of psychiatric patients : A social judgment analysis.
Clinical judgment of psychiatric nurses was investigated using judgment analysis within the framework of social judgment theory.
Nine nurses at a short-term psychiatric care facility made recommendations concerning restraint and seclusion for 80 patients described on paper in terms of 17 characteristics (cues).
Nurses generally favored close observation of patients over seclusion and restraint, and information about current behavior and functioning had more impact on nurses'judgments than did patient history.
Nurses had good insight into the nature of their own judgments.
However, individual differences in cue utilization and inconsistency in strategy usage led to disagreement among nurses about specific recommendations for particular patients.
No one patient received identical recommendations from all nurses, and nurses agreed with each other on specific recommendations only about a third of the time.
The lack of agreement has implications for development of staff training programs and further research on the clinical judgment processes of nurses.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infirmier, Trouble psychiatrique, Malade, Unité isolement, Contention, Jugement, Homme, Enquête opinion, Personnel sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nurse, Mental disorder, Patient, Seclusion unit, Restraint, Judgment, Human, Opinion inquiry, Health staff
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0300016
Code Inist : 002B18I12. Création : 16/11/1999.