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  1. Physique, subcutaneous fat, adipose tissue distribution, and risk factors in the Québec Family Study.

    Article - En anglais

    OBJECTIVE 

    To investigate the relationships among subcutaneous fatness, subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) distribution, somatotype and risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD).

    SUBJECTS 

    The sample included 1410 (715 male and 695 female) youths and adults from the Québec Family Study.

    MEASUREMENTS 

    Six skinfolds and the dimensions necessary for the derivation of the Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype (endomorphy, mesomorphy, ectomorphy) were measured.

    The six skinfolds were summed to provide an index of subcutaneous adiposity (SUM).

    In addition, the trunk-to-extremity skinfold ratio, adjusted for SUM using regression procedures (TER), and the first principal component (PC1) of skinfold residuals (also adjusted for SUM) were used to indicate SAT distribution, independent of the overall level of fatness.

    Risk factors for CHD included systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and fasting glycaemia, triglycerides (TGs), plasma cholesterol, high and low density lipoprotein (HDL-C and LDL-C) cholesterol, and the HDL-C/total cholesterol (CHOL) ratio.

    RESULTS 

    In general, SUM was positively correlated with endomorphy and mesomorphy, and negatively correlated with ectomorphy.

    On the other hand, SAT distribution was not associated with somatotype, except in females where TER and PC1 were negatively correlated with mesomorphy. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie coronaire, Facteur risque, Etude comparative, Somatotype, Anthropométrie, Composition corporelle, Masse grasse, Distribution, Lipémie, Epidémiologie, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Adulte, Appareil circulatoire pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coronary heart disease, Risk factor, Comparative study, Somatotype, Anthropometry, Body composition, Fat mass, Distribution, Lipemia, Epidemiology, Canada, North America, America, Child, Human, Adolescent, Adult, Cardiovascular disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0300015

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.