The Mayak Production Association was the first Russian site for the production and separation of plutonium.
The extensive increase in plutonium production during 1948-1955, as well as the absence of reliable waste-management technology, resulted in significant releases of liquid radioactive effluent into the rather small Techa River.
This resulted in chronic external and internal exposure of about 30,000 residents of riverside communities ; these residents form the cohort of an epidemiologic investigation.
Analysis of the available historical monitoring data indicates that the following reliable data sets can be used for reconstruction of doses received during the early periods of operation of the Mayak Production Association :
Temporal pattern of specific beta activity of river water for several sites in the upper Techa region since July 1951 ;
average annual values of specific beta activity of river water and bottom sediments as a function of downstream distance for the whole river since 1951 ;
external gamma-exposure rates near the shoreline as a function of downstream distance for the whole Techa River since 1952 ;
and external gamma-exposure rate as a function of distance from the shoreline for several sites in the upper and middle Techa since 1951.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution radioactive, Monitorage, Déchet radioactif, Article synthèse, Russie, Eurasie, Rivière, Analyse risque, Plutonium, Dosimétrie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Radioactive pollution, Monitoring, Radioactive waste, Review, Russia, Eurasia, Rivers, Risk analysis, Plutonium, Dosimetry
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0299805
Code Inist : 001D16A04C. Création : 16/11/1999.