The international health cooperation of Japan for developing countries has been mostly concentrated on matters such as improvement of hygienic environment, prevention of tropical infectious diseases, establishment of hospitals with modern medical instruments and devices, and dispatch of medical experts.
PHC (Primary Health Care) activities based on voluntary participation of local inhabitants in developing countries have been largely neglected.
In the field of health and medical care, sufficient effect may not be achieved unless the local health activity is based on voluntary participation ofthe inhabitants.
The introduction of advanced modern medical technics may be beneficial to some ofthe inhabitants, while most ofthe local inhabitants may not have the chance to receive such benefits, and additionally it is difficult to propagate modern medical care and technics widely to rural areas.
In Thailand, PHC activity based on community participation was started in 1985, with the following three main themes : (1) Training of Village Health Volunteers (VHV) and Village Health Communicators (VHC), and development of their activities. (2) Establishment and operation of Health Centers. (3) Establishment and operation of a Drug Cooperative System (DC).
Earlier, one of PHC activities developed by Japan, « Thailand Local Health Activity Improvement Project » based on the program of Thailand - Japan Partneship, was initiated in 1976 in rural areas of Chanthaburi Prefecture. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Soin santé primaire, Thaïlande, Asie, Système santé, Programme sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Primary health care, Thailand, Asia, Health system, Sanitary program
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0299252
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 16/11/1999.