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  1. The effect of exercise and diet on mental health and quality of life in middle-aged individuals with elevated risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

    Article - En anglais

    Mental health and quality of life were assessed before and after a one-year exercise and diet intervention among 219 healthy individuals, aged 41-50 years, with elevated risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

    The participants were randomized to four groups : diet (n=55), diet and exercise (n=67), exercise (n=54) and no active intervention (n=43).

    Quality of life was measured with one eight-item scale and two one-item scales.

    Mental health was measured by the General Health Questionnaire (30-item version).

    Depression, anxiety, feelings of competence and self-esteem, coping and social dysfunction were measured using subscales of the General Health Questionnaire.

    Somatic anxiety was measured by the anxiety subscale of the Symptom Check List-90.

    Exercise improved the total GHQ scores, perceived competence/self-esteem, and coping as measured by the GHQ subscales.

    There were no significant effects of diet or exercise on quality of life, depression or anxiety.

    A high rate of participation in the exercise programme (>70%) was associated with greater improvements in total GHQ scores, anxiety, perceived competence/self-esteem and coping.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Santé mentale, Exercice physique, Alimentation, Qualité vie, Facteur risque, Mode de vie, Coping, Cardiopathie coronaire, Epidémiologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental health, Physical exercise, Feeding, Quality of life, Risk factor, Life style, Coping, Coronary heart disease, Epidemiology, Cardiovascular disease, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0298398

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.