Mental health and quality of life were assessed before and after a one-year exercise and diet intervention among 219 healthy individuals, aged 41-50 years, with elevated risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
The participants were randomized to four groups : diet (n=55), diet and exercise (n=67), exercise (n=54) and no active intervention (n=43).
Quality of life was measured with one eight-item scale and two one-item scales.
Mental health was measured by the General Health Questionnaire (30-item version).
Depression, anxiety, feelings of competence and self-esteem, coping and social dysfunction were measured using subscales of the General Health Questionnaire.
Somatic anxiety was measured by the anxiety subscale of the Symptom Check List-90.
Exercise improved the total GHQ scores, perceived competence/self-esteem, and coping as measured by the GHQ subscales.
There were no significant effects of diet or exercise on quality of life, depression or anxiety.
A high rate of participation in the exercise programme (>70%) was associated with greater improvements in total GHQ scores, anxiety, perceived competence/self-esteem and coping.
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé mentale, Exercice physique, Alimentation, Qualité vie, Facteur risque, Mode de vie, Coping, Cardiopathie coronaire, Epidémiologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental health, Physical exercise, Feeding, Quality of life, Risk factor, Life style, Coping, Coronary heart disease, Epidemiology, Cardiovascular disease, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0298398
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.