This study compared infant mortality rates between large ethnic groups in Chicago from 1 989-1996.
Infant mortality information about ethnic groups was compared using data from annual reports published by the Epidemiology Program, Department of Public Health, City of Chicago and vital statistics documents in Illinois, which include information on ethnicity.
Chisquarec analysis was used to evaluate the differences between the proportions.
A Pvalue of<. 05 was considered significant.
During the study period, there were 461,974 births and 6407 infant deaths in Chicago.
African Americans contributed 212,924 (46.1%) births and 4387 (68.5%) deaths ; Hispanics 132,787 (28.7%) births and 1166 (18.2%) deaths ; and whites 99,532 (21.6%) births and 780 (12.2%) infant deaths.
Compared with the other groups, African Americans suffered a twofold increased mortality (P<. 00001) for five of the six most common causes of infant mortality.
Deaths from congenital malformations, although significant, were not excessively increased among African Americans (P=014).
Hispanics demonstrated a higher mortality rate than whites (P=01 especially for postnatal mortality and respiratory distress syndrome.
These data confirm excessive infant mortality among African Americans.
Further studies are needed to evaluate the apparent low mortality among some Hispanics compared with the other groups studied.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Santé, Enfant, Homme, Ethnie, Noir américain, Latinoaméricain, Evaluation, Etude longitudinale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Mortality, Health, Child, Human, Ethnic group, Black American, Latinamerican, Evaluation, Follow up study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0291845
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 16/11/1999.