Fall-induced injuries and deaths among older adults.
Context Although various fall-induced injuries and deaths among older adults are increasing, little is known about the epidemiology of these events.
Objective To determine the trends in the number and incidence of fall-induced injuries and deaths of older adults in a well-defined white population.
Design and Setting Secular trend analysis of the population of Finland, using the Finnish National Hospital Discharge Register and the Official Cause-of-Death Statistics of Finland.
Participants All persons aged 50 years or older who were admitted to hospitals in Finland for primary treatment of a first fall-induced injury from the years of 1970 to 1995, and for comparison, all fall-induced deaths in the same age group from the years 1971 to 1995.
Main Outcome Measure The number and the age-specific and age-adjusted incidence rate (per 100 000 persons) of fall-induced injuries and deaths in each year of the study.
Results For the study period, both the total and population-adjusted number (per 100000 persons) of Finns aged 50 years or older with fall-induced injury increased substantially.
Total fall-induced injuries increased from 5622 in 1970 to 21 574 in 1995, a 284% increase, and the rate increased from 494 to 1398 per 100000 persons, a 183% increase.
The age-adjusted incidence also increased in both women (from 648 in 1970 to 1469 in 1995, a 127% increase) and men (from 434 in 1970 to 972 in 1995, a 124% increase). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Chute, Personne âgée, Homme, Age, Mortalité, Finlande, Europe, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Tendance, Recommandation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Fall, Elderly, Human, Age, Mortality, Finland, Europe, Epidemiology, Incidence, Trend, Recommendation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0291263
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 16/11/1999.