Evaluation of the two-step tuberculin skin test in health care workers at an inner-city medical center.
The increased rate of tuberculosis (TB) infection and transmission from patients to health care workers (HCWs) has brought awareness of the need for better surveillance programs.
The two-step purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test decreases the misinterpretation of a « boosted reaction » as a recent infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in HCWs.
We reviewed the medical records of 4082 HCWs at an inner-city medical center who had PPD skin-testing performed as a component of the TB medical surveillance program during the years 1994 and 1995.
Of those HCWs tested, 3896 (95.4%) returned for the PPD skin-test evaluation.
Of those 3896 HCWs, 3659 (93.9%) had a negative baseline PPD skin test, and 237 (6.1%) had a positive skin test.
Of those HCWs with a negative baseline skin test, 252 (6. 9%) were eligible for the second PPD skin test.
Of the 241 who returned for their second PPD skin-test reading, six (2.5%) had positive results.
All six cases were foreign-born physician residents with a previous history of Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination.
We conclude that the two-step PPD skin test method is not indicted for HCWs at this urban medical facility.
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine travail, Evaluation performance, Surveillance biologique, Tuberculine PPD, Contamination biologique, Risque infectieux, Hôpital, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational medicine, Performance evaluation, Biological monitoring, Tuberculin PPD, Biological contamination, Infectious risk, Hospital, Health staff, Human, Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0289269
Code Inist : 002B30B01B. Création : 16/11/1999.