This study weighs the risks to workers of cleaning up Superfund sites against the risks to residents if the sites were not cleaned up.
Risks are measured by the number of deaths and disabilities due to injuries and diseases, as well as by the costs of these deaths and disabilities.
We posit three methods to clean up the sites : one that is labor-intensive and two that are not.
We posit 24 hypothetical sites, with varying numbers of residents and levels of cancer death and cancer disability rates.
Depending on the cleanup method, the number of residents, and the rates, we find that the risks to workers frequently outweigh the risks to residents.
We conclude that risks to workers should be accounted for in Environmental Protection Agency judgments regarding which and how Superfund sites should be cleaned up.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Déchet dangereux, Décharge déchet, Nettoyage, Risque, Evaluation, Mortalité, Morbidité, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Environnement, Résident, Tumeur maligne, Homme, Analyse coût
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Hazardous waste, Waste dumping, Cleaning, Risk, Evaluation, Mortality, Morbidity, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Environment, Resident, Malignant tumor, Human, Cost analysis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0289263
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 16/11/1999.