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  1. Fulltext. Portion-size estimation training in second-and third-grade American Indian children.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Training in portion-size estimation is known to improve the accuracy of dietary self-reporting in adults, but there is no comparable evidence for children.

    To obtain this information, we studied 110 second-and third-grade American Indian schoolchildren (34 control subjects were not trained), testing the hypotheses that a 45-min portion-size estimation training session would reduce children's food quantity estimation error, and that the improvement would be dependent on food type, measurement type, or both.

    Training was a hands-on, 4-step estimation and measurement skill-building process.

    Mixed linear models (using logarithmic-transformed data) were used to evaluate within-and between-group differences from pre-to posttest.

    Test scores were calculated as percentage estimation errors by difference and absolute value methods.

    Mean within-group estimation error decreased significantly (P<0.05) from pre-to posttest for 7 of 12 foods (trained group) by both calculation methods, plus 3 additional foods by the difference method and one additional food by the absolute value method.

    Significant (P<0.05) between-group differences occurred for 3 foods, reflecting a greater decrease in estimation error for the trained group.

    Improvement was greatest for solid foods estimated by dimensions (P>0.05) or in cups (P<0.05), for liquids estimated by volume or by label reading (P<0.001), and for one amorphous food estimated in cups (P<0.01). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Amérindien, Origine ethnique, Entraînement, Evaluation, Consommation alimentaire, Education nutritionnelle, Obésité, Prévention, Etat nutritionnel, Alimentation, Comportement alimentaire, Trouble nutrition, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Amerindian, Ethnic origin, Dragging, Evaluation, Food intake, Nutrition education, Obesity, Prevention, Nutritional status, Feeding, Feeding behavior, Nutrition disorder, Child, Human, School age

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0288094

    Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 16/11/1999.