The importance of cultural and adverse family-environment variables as risk factors for Disruptive Behaviour Disorder has been repeatedly shown, and hence a variation in rates and risk factors between cultures could be expected.
Lower rates should be found in countries with strong and stable family ties, such as Spain.
Prevalence rate, severity and comorbidity of Disruptive Behaviour Disorder, as well as risk factors and help-seeking, behaviour relating to this disorder, were studied in a general population random sample of 387 10 year-old children living in Valencia (Spain).
DSM-III-R diagnosis was established by means of the KIDDY-SADS (Kiddy Schedule for affective diseases and Schizophrenia (epidemiological version)) interview and severity of the disorder was evaluated with the General Assessment Functioning (GAF) Scale.
Sex, number of siblings, parental occupation, single-parent home, school failure, socioeconomic level, chronic somatic ailments and use of mental health services.
Prevalence and severity parameters were low (for GAF70, prevalence=11.1 ; for GAF60, prevalence=4.9), albeit falling within the range reported in other countries.
Morbidity profile and use of services did not substantially depart from the findings reported in other cultures. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble conduite, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Espagne, Europe, Facteur risque, Milieu culturel, Environnement social, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Trouble comportement social
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Conduct disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, Spain, Europe, Risk factor, Cultural environment, Social environment, Child, Human, School age, Social behavior disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0285782
Code Inist : 002B18D02. Création : 16/11/1999.