The association between alcohol and cigarette consumption and Raynaud's Phenomenon (RP) was examined by using data from an American-French collaborative, cross-sectional, epidemiological study in five geographically varied regions (Charleston, South Carolina, USA ; and Grenoble, Tarentaise, Nyons, and Toulon, France).
Using logistic regression models that take into account the sampling weights, the association was examined stratified by gender and adjusted for age, body mass index, self-perceived health, and education.
Overall, neither cigarette nor alcohol consumption showed a significant association with RP.
In men, however, a V-shaped relationship between drinking and RP was observed, with mild consumption (1 to 7 drinks per week) exhibiting a protective effect over abstinence, whereas occasional (less than 1 drink per week), moderate (8 to 18 drinks per week) and heavy consumption (more than 18 drinks per week) did not.
Among the participants with RP, no significant association was observed between RP attack frequencies and the amount of either alcohol or cigarette consumption.
These negative findings suggest that having RP is not strongly affected by alcohol or cigarette consumption.
Mots-clés Pascal : Raynaud syndrome, Tabagisme, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, France, Europe, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Capillaire sanguin pathologie, Peau pathologie, Système nerveux autonome pathologie, Acrosyndrome
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Raynaud phenomenon, Tobacco smoking, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, France, Europe, United States, North America, America, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Capillary vessel disease, Skin disease, Diseases of the autonomic nervous system, Acrosyndrome
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0285731
Code Inist : 002B12B03. Création : 16/11/1999.