Women's alcohol dependence and abuse : the relation to social network and leisure time.
The aim of this study was to analyse the occurrence of alcohol dependence and abuse in relation to variables reflecting social network and leisure time, social class, education, occupation and family conditions.
The study was based on the second wave of interviews performed within the longitudinal study of Women and Alcohol in Göteborg.
In this present study we analysed 416 face-to-face interviews performed in 1995-96.
Women with only one or no friends for support had higher rates of alcohol dependence and abuse than did women with more friends.
Women with high rates of alcohol dependence or abuse did not take part in cultural events as much as women with low rates of alcohol dependence and abuse.
Women with homemaking skills and gardening as leisure time interests had lower prevalences of alcohol dependence and abuse.
In general, women with diagnoses of alcohol dependence and abuse in this population-based sample were not alone and without a social network.
However, their pattern of activity differed slightly from those without such diagnoses.
The association between women with alcohol dependence and abuse and leisure time activities is probably circular : a poor social network and low participation in social activities increase the risk of alcohol dependence and abuse, and alcohol dependence and abuse lead to low participation in social activities.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Alcoolisme, Réseau social, Support social, Loisir, Activité professionnelle, Statut socioéconomique, Niveau étude, Facteur risque, Homme, Femelle, Epidémiologie, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Alcoholism, Social network, Social support, Leisure, Professional activity, Socioeconomic status, Education level, Risk factor, Human, Female, Epidemiology, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0285669
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 16/11/1999.