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  1. Inhalant abuse and the abuse of other drugs.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    Academic Pediatric Societies annual meeting. Washington, DC, USA, 1996/05/07.

    Aims 

    To examine the relationship between inhalant abuse and other substances of abuse.

    Design 

    Survey using a structured interview administered by a single trained interviewer.

    Setting 

    A juvenile detention facility.

    Participants 

    209 children incarcerated at the facility over a 3-month period.

    Selection Procedure 

    Consecutive sample.

    Interventions 

    None.

    Measurements/Findings 

    The structured interview was adapted from the American Drug and Alcohol Survey, which has been extensively used to obtain substance abuse epidemiologic data.

    We collected information on inhalants, alcohol, marijuana, downers, pep pills, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), cocaine, designer drugs, phencyclidine (PCP), Talwin and Ritalin, speed, and narcotics.

    The chi-square or Fisher exact test were used when appropriate.

    Mean ages of initial experimentation were as follows :

    • inhalants, 9.7 years ;

    • marijuana, 11.9 years ;

    • alcohol (inebriated), 12.0 years ;

    • cigarettes, 11.2 years ;

    • for the remaining substances of abuse, the mean age was 13.2-14.7 years.

    Thirty subjects had used inhalants

    Significant relationships were found between inhalants and cocaine (=004).

    Talwin and Ritalin (=001), downers (p=01), and narcotics (p=003).

    Conclusions 

    For children incarcerated in a juvenile detention facility in our community, inhalant abuse is associated with the later use of other substances of abuse. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Drogue illicite, Composé volatil, Tabac, Boisson alcoolisée, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Inhalation, Adolescent, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Illicit drug, Volatile compound, Tobacco, Alcoholic beverage, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Inhalation, Adolescent, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0285017

    Code Inist : 002B18C05D. Création : 16/11/1999.