Academic Pediatric Societies annual meeting. Washington, DC, USA, 1996/05/07.
To examine the relationship between inhalant abuse and other substances of abuse.
Survey using a structured interview administered by a single trained interviewer.
A juvenile detention facility.
209 children incarcerated at the facility over a 3-month period.
The structured interview was adapted from the American Drug and Alcohol Survey, which has been extensively used to obtain substance abuse epidemiologic data.
We collected information on inhalants, alcohol, marijuana, downers, pep pills, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), cocaine, designer drugs, phencyclidine (PCP), Talwin and Ritalin, speed, and narcotics.
The chi-square or Fisher exact test were used when appropriate.
Mean ages of initial experimentation were as follows :
inhalants, 9.7 years ;
marijuana, 11.9 years ;
alcohol (inebriated), 12.0 years ;
cigarettes, 11.2 years ;
for the remaining substances of abuse, the mean age was 13.2-14.7 years.
Significant relationships were found between inhalants and cocaine (=004).
Talwin and Ritalin (=001), downers (p=01), and narcotics (p=003).
For children incarcerated in a juvenile detention facility in our community, inhalant abuse is associated with the later use of other substances of abuse. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Drogue illicite, Composé volatil, Tabac, Boisson alcoolisée, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Inhalation, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Illicit drug, Volatile compound, Tobacco, Alcoholic beverage, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Inhalation, Adolescent, Human
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0285017
Code Inist : 002B18C05D. Création : 16/11/1999.