To study the prevalence of hepatobiliary disease in a clinically and immunologically well-characterized group of 88 adult Norwegian patients with primary hypogammaglobulinaemia.
Eighty-eight patients with primary hypogammaglobulinaemia were followed and signs and symptoms of liver disease were recorded.
The patients were examined clinically and radiologically on a regular basis with liver biopsies performed when indicated.
All patients were tested for hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA, hepatitis G virus (HGV) RNA and hepatitis B virus (HBsAg).
Twenty-one patients were HCV RNA-positive, all having signs of chronic liver disease.
Only four patients were HGV RNA-positive, of whom two were also HCV RNA-positive.
Amongst the 67 HCV RNA-negative patients, 26 had signs of chronic liver disease, including two who were HGV RNA-positive.
HCV RNA-negative patients with liver disease had received intravenous immune globulin substitution more frequently, had a longer history of any form of immune globulin substitution and had a greater incidence of common variable immunodeficiency than patients without signs of liver disease.
In most cases (21 of 26 patients) the liver disease was relatively mild.
Three patients had granulomatous liver disease, with a relatively aggressive course in all three.
Hepatobiliary disease is a frequent complication in primary hypogammaglobulinaemia.
Liver disease in HCV RNA-negative patients usually has a mild course. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Foie voie biliaire pathologie, Globuline gamma, Plasma sanguin, Déficit, Hépatite virale C, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Homme, Norvège, Europe, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Hépatite virale G
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hepatobiliary disease, Globulin gamma, Blood plasma, Deficiency, Viral hepatitis C, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk factor, Human, Norway, Europe, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0284972
Code Inist : 002B13C03. Création : 16/11/1999.