Military parachuting has been recognized as a hazardous activity since it was first introduced in World War II.
Other risks associated with military service include actual war-fighting, training with weapons and explosives, operating with armoured vehicles or deployment to climatic extremes.
These other hazards should be considered in any assessment of the additional risk associated with military parachuting.
The aim of this study was to identify the risk attributable to parachuting amongst US Army enlisted soldiers.
This study identified a cohort of Infantry soldiers who served between 1990-94.
They were separated by receipt of parachute hazardous duty pay.
There was a total of 329,794 person-years (PY) available for study of which 18% were in the exposed group.
The rate of hospitalization was very similar in both groups [123.9 per 1,000 PYs for the exposed group, 127 in the non-exposed group : relative risk (RR)=0.98,95% confidence interval (Cl)=0.96-1.00).
The exposed group was 1.49 times (CI=1.42-1.57) more likely to be admitted as a result of an injury as compared with the non-exposed group.
Military parachuting was 20 times (Cl=16.6-24.3) more likely to be the cause of an injury.
This study has shown that receipt of hazardous duty pay for military parachuting can be used as a marker in identifying significant additional risks to the health of infantry soldiers associated with military parachuting. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine travail, Parachutisme, Militaire, Homme, Facteur risque, Evaluation, Etude cohorte, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Accident travail, Hospitalisation, Incidence, Traumatisme, Système musculosquelettique pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational medicine, Parachuting, Military, Human, Risk factor, Evaluation, Cohort study, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Occupational accident, Hospitalization, Incidence, Trauma, Musculoskeletal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0281352
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 16/11/1999.