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  1. Sociodemographic and lifestyle factors associated with constipation in an elderly Asian community.

    Article - En anglais

    OBJECTIVE 

    We surveyed elderly individuals in an Asian community to determine the prevalence of constipation and its association with sociodemographic and lifestyle factors.

    This information will be used to plan a health promotion program for the elderly.

    METHODS 

    A random sample of 2807 residents aged >= 60 yr in Singapore were interviewed in their homes, using a standardized questionnaire.

    The response rate was 87.4% (n=2454).

    RESULTS 

    The overall age-and gender-adjusted prevalence rate of functional constipation was 11.6 per 100 persons (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.4-11.7).

    There were no gender or ethnic differences in constipation rates.

    Increased rates of constipation were significantly associated with advancing age.

    We found a significant dose-response relationship of increased constipation rates with decreased intake of rice, increased intake of Chinese tea, and number of chronic illnesses and medications, after controlling for potential confounders.

    Constipation was also significantly associated with lower intake of fruits and vegetables, but no dose-response gradient was seen.

    CONCLUSIONS 

    Patients taking many medications should be monitored for constipation and given advice to avoid constipating factors.

    Further studies are needed to establish the causal-effect relationship of rice and Chinese tea with constipation.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Constipation, Facteur risque, Origine ethnique, Asiatique, Mode de vie, Facteur sociodémographique, Chimiothérapie, Multiple, Epidémiologie, Homme, Singapour, Asie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Constipation, Risk factor, Ethnic origin, Asiatic, Life style, Sociodemographic factor, Chemotherapy, Multiple, Epidemiology, Human, Singapore, Asia, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0281220

    Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 16/11/1999.