Adolescent depression : prevalence in Swedish high-school students.
A total population of high-school students aged 16-17 years in a Swedish town was screened for depression and previous suicide attempts, and 2300 students (93.3%) participated.
Those with high depression scores (12.3%) and previous suicide attempts (2.4%), as well as controls matched for gender and education, were interviewed for diagnosis (DICA-R-A), and 88.8% participated.
The 1-year prevalence of major depression was 5.8% and the lifetime prevalence was 11.4%, with four girls being represented for every boy.
A depression lasting for at least 1 year was the most common type.
Dysthymia was found in 2% (two girls for every boy).
Short hypomanic episodes were present in 13.2% of those with a lifetime diagnosis of major depression.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Trouble bipolaire, Dysthymie, Prévalence, Adolescent, Homme, Suède, Europe, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Trouble humeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Bipolar disorder, Dysthymia, Prevalence, Adolescent, Human, Sweden, Europe, Epidemiology, Mental health, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0277959
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 16/11/1999.