Symposium on Rural/Urban Continuum. Lexington, KY, USA, 1996/10.
The Alaska Native Preschool Project was centered in the Head Start Programs of two typical Alaska native villages near the Bering Sea.
Data were collected over 5 years, 1990 to 1995, from preschool parents (N=342) with surveys, a panel of villagers (N=25 to 30) using qualitative interviews ; villagers using participant observation ; and a limited review of public records.
The villages typify the changing life of Alaskan villagers who live in the Bering Straits area.
Qualitative data indicated that a number of problems were associated with drug and alcohol use in the villages.
The level of smokeless tobacco use from surveys in the previous month among preschool parents (41%) was self-reported to be almost 10 times greater than the national level reported in the 1995 National Household Survey.
The use of marijuana reported by preschool parents in the previous month was almost 3 times higher than the 1995 National Household Survey estimates (19 vs 6.7%). Tobacco use in the previous month was reported at over 56%, a level that was over 11/2 times the level of use at 34.7% estimated from the 1995 National Household Survey.
For 26-34 year olds, previous month alcohol use was lower for the village parents than estimated from the 1995 National Household Survey (38 vs 63%). The self-reported levels of other drug use among preschool parents were very low compared with overall United States rates.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Substance toxicomanogène, Boisson alcoolisée, Tabac, Milieu rural, Environnement social, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Alaska, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Drug of abuse, Alcoholic beverage, Tobacco, Rural environment, Social environment, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, Alaska, United States, North America, America, Human
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0276288
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 16/11/1999.