Aims-The primary objective was to determine which surgical technique gave the best long term visual outcome for infants and young children with bilateral symmetrical cataract in south India.
Secondary objectives were to assess complications and the need for further surgical intervention.
Methods-A randomised controlled clinical trial was undertaken. 65 children under 10 years old with bilateral cataract had one eye treated by lensectomy and the other by aspiration with primary capsulotomy.
56 children (86%) with a mean age at surgery of 53 months were reviewed 3 years after surgery.
The overall binocular acuity was 6/18 or better in 57.1% and 6/60 or better in 94.6%. There was no difference in visual acuity between the matched pairs of eyes undergoing aspiration or lensectomy at the third year of follow up (p=0.57).
Aspiration eyes were more likely to require a secondary procedure to restore vision than lensectomy eyes (66.1% v 1.8%). Conclusion-Aspiration with primary capsulotomy gives an acceptable visual outcome in this part of India providing that there is good follow up to manage capsule opacification.
If secondary intervention is not possible owing to poor compliance with follow up, then lensectomy is likely to give better long term visual rehabilitation providing there is good maintenance and technical support for the lensectomy equipment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Cataracte, Bilatéral, Extraction, Aspiration, Cristallin, Capsulotomie, Traitement, Technique, Randomisation, Pronostic, Enfant, Homme, Asie du sud, Asie, Oeil pathologie, Cristallin pathologie, Segment antérieur pathologie, Chirurgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cataract, Bilateral, Extraction, Aspiration, Lens, Capsulotomy, Treatment, Technique, Randomization, Prognosis, Child, Human, South asia, Asia, Eye disease, Lens disease, Anterior segment disease, Surgery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0275309
Code Inist : 002B25B. Création : 16/11/1999.