To study the prevalence of brucellosis in humans and livestock associated with them in Western Sudan.
All serology tests for burcellosis were carried out for veterinary professionals working in veterinary clinics, vaccination crushes, cheese processing centers. abattoirs, butcher houses, nomads from different tribes and animals in association with them.
Thirteen percent of the humans. 18.2% of cattle. 4.3% of sheep. 4.3% of goats and 26% of camels examined were found positive for the disease.
Abattoir workers and certain nomadic tribes were found more affected than others.
Br. abortus was isolated from all cattle groups examined.
Direct and indirect contact with infected animals and their afterbirths during deliveries. consumption of uncooked meat, raw milk or its products, flaying of animals with hygromas, cutting meat and working in abattoirs where they are slaughtered, were factors responsible for human infections.
Infected people were either found with mild symptoms, at an acute or chronic stages of the disease.
The disease was either terminated without treatment, responded to remedies or persisted with or without therapy as indicated by persistent diagnostic antibody titres and pains.
Education of people and control of the disease in animals were recommended to rid people of Western Sudan from brucellosis.
Mots-clés Pascal : Brucellose, Bactériose, Infection, Prévalence, Bétail, Homme, Animal, Soudan, Afrique, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Brucellosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Prevalence, Livestock, Human, Animal, Sudan, Africa, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0273783
Code Inist : 002B05B02E. Création : 16/11/1999.