Traduction en anglais : Transmission of infectious diseases in prison : Results of a study and presentation of the pilot project'prevention of infectious diseases in Lower Saxony.
The increasing imprisonment rate of drug users is linked to a spread of infectious diseases in prisons (HIV and Hepatitis B and C).
Several studies indicate a close correlation of imprisonment and transmission of infectious diseases.
An analysis of international studies showed that worldwide in several cases transmissions of HIV-infection during imprisonment have been discovered.
The cross-sectional examination presented here is describing the situation in the women's prison of Vechta (Lower-Saxony).
Empirical data on the prevalence of infections with HIV, HBV, HCV and Lues of the years 1992 to 1994 were recorded.
Moreover the scientific interest also included on the diagnosis of seroconversions.
Discovered seroconversions were examinated on a possible transmission in custody.
The spread of infectious diseases in prisons led to the demand for an alignment of internal drug aid services with external, tried and tested prophylaxis models.
The availability of sterile syringes is included.
The basic comparability of health care inside and outside prison (principle of equivalence) is not only demanded and recommended by the prison law  but also by international organisations . As the first provencial government, the state of Lower Saxony in Germany has started to develop infection prophylaxis offers in two prisons (in the women's prison in Vechta since April 15th 1996 and in the men's prison of Lingen I, department Gross Hesepe since July 15th 1996) in 1996. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Homme, Femelle, Hépatite virale B, Hépatite virale C, Toxicomanie, Milieu carcéral, Allemagne, Europe, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Transmission homme homme, Etude transversale, Prévention, Seringue, Echange, Résultat, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Female, Viral hepatitis B, Viral hepatitis C, Drug addiction, Carceral environment, Germany, Europe, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Transmission from man to man, Cross sectional study, Prevention, Syringe, Exchange, Result, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0271742
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 16/11/1999.