To provide a current national profile of the prevalence and impact of parent-reported disabling mental health conditions in U.S. children.
A cross-sectional descriptive analysis of 99,513 children younger than 18 years old included in the 1992-1994 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS).
The response rate exceeded 94% in each year.
Disability is defined as the long-term reduction in a child's ability to perform social role activities, such as school or play, as a result of hislher mental health condition.
On average, 2.1% of U.S. children were reported to suffer from a disabling mental health condition in 1992-1994.
The most common reported causes of disability include mental retardation, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and learning disabilities.
While national prevalence estimates were produced for some low-prevalence conditions such as autism (38/100,000), for many specific diagnoses the reported prevalence rates were too low for accurate national population estimates using this data set.
Logistic regression analysis demonstrates that prevalence of a disabling mental health condition was higher for older children ; males ; children from low-income, single-parent families ; and those with less education.
These conditions are also associated with high rates of special education participation (approximately 80%) and health system use. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Evaluation, Parent, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Evaluation, Parent, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Child, Human, Adolescent
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0271208
Code Inist : 002B18D10. Création : 16/11/1999.