Bites by the colubrid snake Philodryas olfersii : a clinical and epidemiological study of 43 cases.
Less than 10 cases of bites by Philodryas olfersii (Colubridae) have been reported in the literature.
In this study, 43 patients admitted to the Instituto Butantan, Sao Paulo, Brazil, with the diagnosis of P. olfersii bite from 1982 to 1990 were reviewed.
The 32 male (74.4%) and II female (25.6%) patients presented mainly from November to February (65%). The most common clinical features were local pain (37.2%), swelling (34.9%), erythema (18.6%) and ecchymosis (9.3%). The 20 minute whole blood clotting test was performed in 11 patients and in all of them the blood was coagulable.
Most of the accidents occurred during the hottest months and during daylight hours.
The most common bite site was the hands.
Severe envenoming is not frequent in these accidents.
Mots-clés Pascal : Venin, Origine animale, Toxicité, Morsure, Epidémiologie, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Symptomatologie, Ophidia, Reptilia, Vertebrata, Homme, Envenimation, Philodryas olfersii, Serpent
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Venom, Animal origin, Toxicity, Bite, Epidemiology, Brazil, South America, America, Symptomatology, Ophidia, Reptilia, Vertebrata, Human, Envenomization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0271200
Code Inist : 002B03I. Création : 16/11/1999.