Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus-type 2 in African-American college women.
This study examines the relationship between sexual behaviors and prevalence of herpes simplex virus-type 2 (HSV-2) among African-American college women.
Subjects (n=138) were recruited randomly from a state university to participate in a study regarding sexual attitudes and behaviors and to have their blood drawn for type-specific HSV seroprevalence.
Sera were analyzed for 96 college women with a mean age of 21 years.
Of the 96 women, 29 (30%) were HSV-2 seropositive.
The results of this study revealed that a history of sexually transmitted disease was predictive of HSV-2 infection.
Number of lifetime partners, however, was not related to HSV-2 seropositivity.
Four (31%) of the 13 women who reported only one lifetime partner were seropositive.
These findings indicate that for young African-American college women, the risk of being infected with HSV-2 is high even with only one lifetime partner.
Behavioral strategies focused on decreasing the number of sexual partners are not likely to be sufficient in preventing the spread of HSV-2 infection among young African-American women.
The development and use of alternative approaches to prevent the spread of HSV-2 among young African Americans should be considered.
Mots-clés Pascal : Herpès, Virose, Infection, Appareil génital, Herpesvirus hominis 1, Alphaherpesvirinae, Herpesviridae, Virus, Homme, Femelle, Ethnie, Noir américain, Etudiant, Randomisation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Séropositivité, Prévalence, Comportement sexuel, Appareil génital femelle pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Herpes, Viral disease, Infection, Genital system, Herpesvirus hominis 1, Alphaherpesvirinae, Herpesviridae, Virus, Human, Female, Ethnic group, Black American, Student, Randomization, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Seropositivity, Prevalence, Sexual behavior, Female genital diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0270916
Code Inist : 002B05C02E. Création : 16/11/1999.